Family Health Assessment
Families are the fundamental units that shape society and influence national prosperity; hence, promoting international cohesion. For more than fifty years, family structure has dramatically changed due to dynamic standards and several incurred variations. Currently, six types of families have been shown to exist: nuclear family, extended family, stepfamily, single-parent family, grandparent family, and childless family. Be that as it may, the dynamics within the family structures have both positive and negative health impacts. Since members share genes, blood groups, the surrounding, habits, and lifestyle, the family’s prosperity and wellness depend upon individuals. By performing a family health assessment on a specific nuclear family, this paper aims to discuss the assessment findings’ analysis.
The most typical family structure is the nuclear family. Since antiquity, society regards the nuclear setting as the ideal structure. According to Fiese (2019), although no particular family structure is absolute, health prosperity is determined mainly by the type of the home setting. In assessment, a nuclear family was chosen, and a health interview was conducted. A nuclear family is a type of structure involving two couples, or parents, and children. The nuclear family is the most common type of unit. Children brought up in such a family receive support, strength, and stability, granted that two adults conjoin their efforts to make ends meet. The chosen family consists of a husband, wife, and three children. The man is 55 years old, the wife 51 years, and the children 27, 22, and 17, respectively. On average, family members express affection and support, often spend time together, value a great sense of spiritual well-being, and faces challenges and manage stress efficiently. Notably, the family can be categorized as upper-middle-income, white, and living in a country-setting environment.
Overall Health Behavior of the Family
Each family must strive to promote a prosperous and healthy environment for each member. Regular check-ups and clinical appointments must be attended, and doctor’s prescription followed with precision. Arguably, based on Kaakinen, Coehlo, Steele & Robinson (2018), individuals’ well-being can be detected using the family’s overall health behavior. Based on the functional health assessment, the husband has a pre-existing condition of hypertension, while the wife suffers currently experiencing changes with her hearing and visual senses. Additionally, the couple is experiencing changes in physical functions, psychological, and cognitive. The children on the other are healthy and functional based on their age, weight, intelligence, and emotional quotient. Notably, the firstborn has a history of H. Pylori infection and currently under eye treatment due to short-sightedness. The second and third born is doing well now.
Functional Health Pattern
Functional health translates to the ability to perform all daily activities. When an individual can perform the daily living activities that range from cooking, grooming, bathing, and dressing, they are said to be functionally healthy. Notably, methods of individual health assessment and database creation for nursing are known as functional health patterns (Duhamel et al., 2015). Associated with Margery Gordon, these patterns can be utilized to help assess, intervene, diagnose, and evaluate the appropriate healthcare services that should be provided. Based on this assessment, the family in context shows excellence in health patterns such as coping, nutrition, cognitive, sleep, health perception, and exercise.
The family manifested high regard in teamwork and family therapy to help manage through stressful occasions. It is notable with satisfaction that each member had enough sleeping time, valued health and well-being, at the same time, eating healthy, and exercising three to four times a day. However, in terms of sensory-perception, role relationship, and elimination, the family performed poorly. Generally, the family has severe sensory complications, while a role relationship is slowly fading away. Elimination is a problem here, granted that their bowel movement is irregular.
Application of Family System Theories
Family system theories are used to express the connectedness and interaction within the family unit, rendering each member interdependent. Dr. Bowen believes that a family is an emotional unit that allows people to understand an individual as a part of their family; this is, according to Kaakinen, Coehlo, Steele & Robinson (2018). The application of family system theories helps pinpoint each member’s specific role and rules; thus, initiating positive changes to the overall family functions. Besides, through the parent’s diagnosis, the children can identify genetic illnesses and put up measures to mitigate the chances of suffering in the future. Family system theories also help members remain calm and express respect for one another while leading the family to work together.
On balance, using the family of a friend to perform a family health assessment, a discussion of the assessment findings is provided above. A nuclear family structure, comprised of a father, mother, and children were chosen. The family belongs to the upper-middle-income social class. The overall health of the family is above average. It was detected that the family values health, nutrition, exercise, sleep, and psychological and cognitive wellness. However, the father is diagnosed with high blood pressure and other old-age complications. The mother is faring well except for the regular aging changes, and the children are stable except for a few illnesses. The family uses the relevant attributes, family theories, and functional health patterns to achieve wellness and health for all its members.
Duhamel, F., Dupuis, F., Turcotte, A., Martinez, A. M., & Goudreau, J. (2015). Integrating the illness beliefs model in clinical practice: A family systems nursing knowledge utilization model. Journal of Family Nursing, 21(2), 322-348.
Fiese, B. H. (2019). Journal of Family Psychology (Journal). Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy, 1614-1615.
Kaakinen, J. R., Coehlo, D. P., Steele, R., & Robinson, M. (2018). Family health care nursing: Theory, practice, and research. FA Davis.
Appendix 1: Functional Health Assessment Interview Questionnaires
- Values/Health Perception
How does your family define and value health? Does each family member have regular check-ups? What actions are taken after the check-ups?
With how much weight does your family value nutrition? How many meals do you take as a family daily?
What time do you sleep and wake up? What is your sleep duration as a family? Any sleep disorder cases?
Does everyone in your family have normal bowels movement? If so, how often does this occur? Any previous cases of abnormal bowel movements?
How many times do you exercise in a week? If so, do you work out from home or do you visit a gym? How is your belief as a family regarding regular exercising?
How does your family interpret the outside world? How do the family members interact?
Has anyone in the family ever developed sensory complications? Does the family value sensory health? How often do you have check-ups?
Do you help each other develop self-esteem? How do you as a family handle cases of selfishness?
- Role Relationship
How do you solve indiscipline cases? Do all family members fulfill their roles accordingly?
Are there cases of sexual abuse? Has any of the couples ever experienced sexual dysfunction?
What do you believe about family therapy? How are problems approached and solved? Do you believe in God?