Students detest having to sit still for extended periods of time in order to conduct research and compose papers. However, as part of the requirements for each course, the educational system mandates that students complete a variety of writing assignments, such as term papers and research papers.
Because of this, the process of writing will inevitably occur. In addition, if you write faultless papers, it will improve your grade point average and prepare you for the real world of work. You should mentally prepare yourself for the possibility that you will have to produce a number of research papers before you graduate from your program.
There are some standards that must be followed when writing any kind of paper. And before we go any further, “Good Lord of Grades,” I think we can all agree that the entire process is labor-intensive, particularly if you have never done it before. However, you shouldn’t worry since we have your back.
We are here to assist you with your research paper, and we are familiar with the grading system that professors and lecturers use. You’ll be able to write like a master after reading our comprehensive tutorial on how to create an effective research paper. Utilizing our tried and true method that is broken down into steps will ensure that you receive an excellent grade.
Allow your research paper to serve as an example of the best research paper written by the other students in the class. Let us get started already.
Why follow a step-by-step approach to writing?
In this all-encompassing writing tutorial, we will take you by the hand and lead you through each step of the process of producing a research paper that is not only effective but also remarkable and capable of being graded. In the end, everyone aims for the excellent ratings they can get on their research papers.
Students who wish to improve their scores by gaining an understanding of how to effectively compose research papers will find our guidance to be extremely helpful. Fortunately, we have a checklist that will verify that you have prepared a quality paper for your class.
This essay is also intended for working professionals who are interested in brushing up on their knowledge on how to compose the most effective research papers. The majority of these details are beneficial to millions of people, including students as well as professionals. It would make us happy to see you succeed in the academic writing you do at the high school, college, and university levels.
An explanation of what a research paper is.
Let’s begin by examining the meaning of the term “research paper” before moving on to the process of learning how to create one. Understanding the definition of a research paper is another essential step in the process of writing an excellent report.
A research paper, on the other hand, is merely a type of academic writing that is successful due to the author’s extensive and in-depth research on a particular subject, as well as the author’s analysis of data and interpretation of the research’s conclusions.
A research paper may take the form of a term paper, a thesis for graduate study, or even a dissertation for doctorate study. A well-written research paper is expected to do the following:
- Articles should include a critical examination of the research findings they present.
- Offer answers to presented situations.
- Increase the breadth of the study and make suggestions for new areas where research could be conducted. In most cases, this comes from the research void that was found.
- It’s true that writing a research paper might be scary, but if you understand the standards and protocols of academic writing, the process becomes as simple as eating ice cream. We are aware that it accounts for a sizeable portion of your overall grade, and we also know that your conscientious professor will not award credit where there has been no effort put forth.
There are 8 easy steps to follow while writing a great research paper.
Every student’s goal when using the grading rubric is to produce a piece of writing that will earn him or her a distinction or an excellent grade. This can only be accomplished by an excellent research paper, which requires both mastery and patience.
Keep in mind that a research paper is a type of academic paper that follows the standard format of having an introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. In addition to that, the research’s main point should be stated in a novel, concise, and understandable thesis statement.
Every argument, assertion, or attitude that is included in the body of the paper needs to be backed by facts and needs to tie to the thesis statement. How exactly does one go about writing a paper that will earn them good grades?
Here are the particular processes required to produce a research paper of the highest quality, taking into consideration the various parts that comprise a research paper.
- Review the Instructions for the Assignment.: One mistake that students make right off the off is that they don’t take the prompts and rubric from the class into consideration. Since we are experienced research paper writers, however, we will always insist that either or both of these requirements be met in order to provide you with unique writing services.
Before you begin the process of conducting research, it is essential to carefully read over the directions for the research paper and follow them to the letter. If you choose to ignore this stage, sadly in the same way that many other students do, you run the risk of receiving poor grades for the papers you write.
Spend the most of your time reviewing the parameters of the task or the homework that has been assigned to you. It brings you up to the same level of comprehension as your professor or teacher and is an excellent strategy for achieving full marks in all categories.
While you are reading the assignment, you should either take notes or use different color schemes to highlight the most significant points. Find out whether you are required to generate a topic of your own choosing or whether there are pre-determined topics from which you can choose. In the event that you have any questions, you can ask your professor for clarification by setting up an appointment, calling, or sending an email.
- Select the Most Valuable Subjects for Your Investigations
Flow is possible when writing a research paper. If you do not carefully select a topic for your research paper, you may find that the entire procedure is tedious, unpleasant, and repetitious.
You can establish the tone and attitude right from the beginning of your work by selecting a fantastic topic, such as deciding which is the ideal business study topic to use as an example. Aside from that, after you have decided on a topic for your research, you won’t need to worry about how to begin your research paper. It is helpful in building up your excitement so that you can put yourself in the research status.
Students sometimes struggle to formulate concepts when it comes time to choose a topic for a research paper. It is essential to give some thought to the study topic you intend to use and engage in some brainstorming on the subject.
Narrow themes should be chosen whenever possible, despite the fact that the topic you choose will depend on the degree program you are enrolled in.
The majority of the time, we will advise you to pick a restricted topic that is connected to the field of study. It is important that it be a study topic that is both engaging and one that offers information. Always take into account the subject that you have the most interest in.
An excellent strategy is to create a list of the themes for the research paper that you have discovered. After that, get rid of the ones that you consider to be inappropriate for your research report. To this point, you ought to be able to zero in on a certain subject to conduct research on.
Consequently, if you want to write an excellent research paper, select a topic that:
That you can create content for without becoming bored along the way; That aligns with the course work or readings; That has available literature or content; That is approved by the instructor or professor; That has your primary interest; That meets all of the following criteria:
- Carry Out Research for Your Term Paper or Research Project
Since you already have a subject in mind, the next thing you should do is conduct research to learn more about it and collect evidence and perspectives along the way. Academics produce millions of pieces of information each year, many of which are published either online or offline. You have the option of conducting research either offline or online, depending on your preference. This latter option is preferable because there are volumes upon volumes of material readily available.
How to Conduct Research for Your Term Paper or Research Project
In the process of conducting research for your article, you are engaged in an essential fact-finding endeavor. When there is a goal in sight, only then does rubber hit the road. Absolutely, there is one right here!
This is the place where two irons can sharpen each other to a finer point. Only via careful investigation will you be able to excel in your research papers. Before you write your research paper, how do you conduct your research? The process of carrying out your research can be broken down into the following stages:
- Make use of the Google Search Engine to locate the topics and relevant background material, and then report your findings. Given the breadth and depth of the information it contains, Google is invariably the place to begin. You are free to stockpile as many tabs as you possibly can, given that you acquire the necessary resources. You will be able to locate Google Scholar, an internet encyclopedia comparable to Britannica, educational blogs, previously published examples of research papers, and reliable journal articles all within Google.
- Throw away any tabs that include information from unreliable sources such as personal blogs, wikis, and other online forums and wikis. Use rather educational websites, government websites, websites of companies you are interested in, peer-reviewed papers, and websites of journals. Even if websites of this kind serve for an excellent beginning point for research, you should only utilize them for that purpose and not in the actual composition of your research paper.
- You can gain access to databases like PubMed, EBSCO, ProQuest, JSTOR, and ScienceDirect by using the online library provided by the institution. The credibility and academic standing of any and all materials contained within the university database can be assumed.
- Evaluate the sources from both perspectives (Google and the databases), sort through them, and get rid of the ones that aren’t relevant.
- Put your knowledge of primary and secondary sources to use by sorting all of your sources into the appropriate categories based on what you know about them.
- Create an outline for your research paper, and then make a decision about the format for your research paper.
- Note that magazines like the New York Times, Guardian, CNBC, and Atlantic can be helpful resources to draw from when conducting research on a topic that is currently fashionable. Be wary of fake news, even if most journalists have ways to investigate thoroughly in order to obtain reliable reports.
When you are compiling the sources that you will use in your investigation, you can arrange the complete bibliographic information in a way that is convenient for you. This information can include URLs, names of authors, titles, publishers, journals, DOI numbers, publication dates, page numbers, and more.
You can get assistance with organizing the sources and citing information as you write by using one of the online websites such as Citefast, Citethisforme.com, or BibMe. These websites are available on the internet.
These resources can assist you in arranging the bibliography, works cited, or reference pages for your research papers written in the Chicago, MLA, or APA/Harvard citation styles, respectively.
Employing First-Person and Third-Party Sources
Due to the fact that they are derived from first-hand investigation, primary sources may be trusted to provide accurate information.
They consist of things like speeches, transcripts of interviews, official reports, movies, an encyclopedia of films, personal journals, legal papers, academic articles, e-books, books, periodicals, surveys, and government publications.
Primary sources serve as the foundation for secondary sources, which are derived from primary sources.
Books, magazine pieces, newspaper articles, reports, reviews (of movies, books, and other media), and reviews of other media are all included. If you are still having trouble figuring out how to create a research paper, we can assist you. On our website, you will always have access to research paper examples formatted in APA.
The following are some tips that can be used to locate reliable and scholarly resources:
- Borrow from the library.
- The worldwide web
- Talk to someone at the writing center.
- Engage the services of a research assistant.
- A list of reading assignments from class 4. Create a Powerful Statement to Serve as Your Paper’s Thesis.
- Every good writer of a research paper is aware of the significance of developing a strong thesis statement. It is helpful in that it provides a glimpse of what is to come in the entirety of the article.
In the introductory section of every piece of academic writing, a thesis statement is almost usually included. In the introductory paragraphs of research papers, the thesis statements are obligatory to be included.
The initial paragraph’s closing sentence serves as the location for a thesis statement. In addition, it can be as little as a sentence or two.
Developing an argumentative statement to serve as your thesis illustrates your expertise in academic writing.
It is essential that you conduct a study on the topic of your research paper in order to acquire new insights. The thesis can be thought of as the primary argument or primary focus of the research work. In addition, the thesis serves as the foundation for all of the arguments that are presented in the research paper. You should have an open mind when creating a thesis statement, participate in critical thinking and reasoning, and produce a thesis statement that is comprehensive while at the same time not being bluff.
Because the thesis statement of a research paper is a declaration of the author’s position, it is imperative that the perspective be defended throughout the research paper. Every topic sentence, fact, and ending sentence needs to link back to the thesis statement in some way.
The procedure happens after conducting research and absorbing the essential points of the academic paper. It plays a significant role in determining the breadth of the research paper. It should be effortless to understand, succinct, and persuasive since it should reflect the core of the paper.
After a reader has finished examining your statement of the thesis, they will undoubtedly engage with you as the author. If you can hook your professor with your thesis statement, they will be satisfied, and that will result in a decent mark.
When formulating your thesis statement, steer clear of arguments that are dated or hazy. The following is what your thesis need to accomplish:
Give your response to the question that will direct the rest of the paper;
Adopt a position concerning a contentious or interesting matter;
Prepare your audience for the content of your article by informing them of what to anticipate, and
Give an account of the most significant claim, which the audience may wish to argue or reason with.
Our research paper experts will attest to the fact that having a compelling thesis statement works like magic to make the process of producing your research paper much simpler.
- Create a Structure/outline
An outline for a research paper can be thought of as either a blueprint or the skeleton that the rest of the document is built upon.
When you get to the point where you want to develop an outline for your research paper, you need to be very careful not to forget any of the essential elements that make up a research paper.
The following are some suggestions for creating an outline:
How to Arrange the Paragraphs in a Research Paper
Having an outline can be of great assistance to you in correctly organizing and structuring your research work.
A solid framework ensures that your research paper will be of high quality and earn the highest scores possible. It is standard practice for academic writers to begin the process of writing research papers, term papers, or essays by first creating an outline of the content.
It is essential that you have a strong thesis statement for your paper before you even begin to think about drafting the outline. In this sense, you already own two significant tools that will assist you in writing the most effective research paper possible.
Since it states the primary argument of the dissertation, the thesis statement essentially provides you with an outline of how the body of your paper ought to be organized.
It is highly recommended that you develop an outline right now. How to construct an outline for a research paper is something that has troubled a lot of people. Nevertheless, the following should be included in the outline:
This is the beginning.
The sentences that serve as topics for your body paragraphs, in addition to the primary concepts. (principal concerns, overview of relevant prior work, research approach, conclusions, and subsequent discussion)
The last part of your research paper is its conclusion.
- Organize the Resources for the Research Paper
Following the completion of the plan, the next step is to begin organizing the resources or proof that you have gathered online. At least you are able to know where things fall now that you have this information.
You are now in possession of the thesis statement as well as the research topic; therefore, it is simply a matter of time before you begin the actual writing of the paper.
It is absolutely necessary to do a critical analysis of the conclusions and data from your research. Also, make an effort to keep an objective stance and ensure that the entirety of your research paper contributes to proving your thesis.
Place your emphasis on scholarly sources that are reliable, and select your topic phrases with care. At the same time, you should select appropriate transition words with great care so that your text flows well.
Gather all of the contrasting points of view and arrange them according to whether or not they support the thesis statement. At the same time, evaluate the correctness of the information, and double check any details that you think ought to be included in the write-up.
When sifting through information in preparation for writing a research paper, make use of the checklist that is supplied later in this piece. It will be of great use to you. In the event that you are required to incorporate a bibliography into your research paper, ensure that the bibliography you prepare adheres to the appropriate formatting style (APA, MLA, or Harvard).
Get your digital bibliography in order and use it as a planning tool when deciding what information should go where in your research report. In most cases, we insist that writing a research paper in a way that cites your sources completely excludes any possibility of plagiarism. In addition to this, it assists you in maintaining the uniformity of the in-text citations, which is helpful when producing a research paper in a format such as APA, Chicago, or MLA.
If you do not want to write them on paper, which is something that the vast majority of students despise doing in this day and age of computers, you can utilize note cards or sticky notes for this phase.
- Begin drafting the first version of your paper.
Filling up the outline piece by piece at the beginning of the process of producing a research paper is the procedure’s defining characteristic. The outline functions similarly to a set of blueprints or a floor plan for a structure, and writing the research paper is analogous to gradually constructing the building from the ground up.
How to get your research paper off to a good start like a real pro
Do you find yourself pondering how to begin a research paper or what points should be included in the conclusion? You are required to start with the introduction first, and the following elements should be included in it:
- A strong hook should be included in the initial paragraph (it could be in the form of a question, fact, anecdote, statistics, or facts that are contentious).
- Transitions are used to weave together a series of shorter sentences.
- A declaration of the thesis
- The scope of the study paper is as follows:
- Investigative query or working hypothesis
- Should account for 10 percent of the total word count.
- Your grade will be heavily influenced by the introduction that you write for your paper. Because of this, the introduction to any academic assignment, even a research paper, needs to be a substantial piece of effort.
You should choose a terrific grabber or hook to interest your reader in what you have to say. In order to accomplish this, you need to have a solid understanding of the study topic you’ve chosen, the thesis statement, and the history of the issue.
Your paper’s opening needs to demonstrate the significance of the issue, as well as the rationale behind it. In order to set the stage for the rest of the work, you should also provide a solid overview of the problem. For example, if you are investigating a social problem such as prejudice, rape, crime, or mental health, you should ensure that the reader is aware of the topic that you have decided to concentrate on.
Moving on to the body paragraphs of your research paper is the next logical step now that you are familiar with the techniques for writing an effective introduction to your paper.
The steps to writing a strong body paragraph
The distinct portions of the research paper are formed by the combination of the body paragraphs.
In the literature review, you should conduct a critical analysis of the published research on the subject that either provides evidence for the issue statement or provides answers to the research questions or hypotheses.
Focus groups, secondary research, surveys, interviews, experiments, questionnaires, and mixed techniques of research are all examples of the types of research methods that can be included under the umbrella term “research methodology.” The research method that you use should, first and foremost, be consistent with your guiding principles as a researcher, as well as the study issue and the approaches taken in any earlier relevant literature.
The findings should include a report of the findings themselves as they were discovered during the inquiry. In addition to that, there must to be a part devoted to analysis, in which the researcher examines the findings in light of the specified discoveries. After that, there ought to be a discussion, during which the researcher should elaborate on the significance of the findings.
Be sure to include any definitions, abbreviations, and original ideas that you have in the respective paragraphs of your writing. If you obtain these key components from either primary or secondary sources, you are required to provide citations for them.
Instructions for composing a literature review to accompany a research study
The process of research is one that builds on itself and entails a variety of stages. As you carry out your research, you will need to draw from the various relevant bodies of published literature in order to build up a body of knowledge.
A research paper will often have a part devoted to discussing the relevant previous work. Primarily, it is useful for determining where more study is needed, what the limitations of earlier studies were, and what information is available regarding the topic that most interests you.
The findings and results portion of your paper should follow the structure established by a complete literature review. In addition to that, it assists you in connecting your arguments back to the thesis statement and providing reasons where they are required.
It makes no difference whether you are writing a literature review for a research proposal, a dissertation, a thesis, or a term paper; the format and strategy are the same for all of these types of writing.
In a nutshell, the following are the stages that comprise the process of preparing a literature review:
- Do some research to find the published works that are pertinent to the topic you’ve picked.
You can conduct a search in any peer-reviewed journal or database by utilizing keywords associated with your topic. Some examples of such publications and databases include Google Scholar, JSTOR, EBSCO, Project Muse, EconLit, PsycINFO, CINAHAL, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
- Evaluate each of the sources, and choose the one that seems to be the most appropriate.
By quickly reading the abstract, you can determine whether or not a source is suitable for your needs. Examining the publishing date is still another criterion to take into consideration. Utilizing sources that have been published within the last 5-7 years is common practice.
- Make notes and provide credit to the sources you’ve chosen.
You should highlight the most important points as you read through each source. The vast majority of PDF readers have a capability that allows the user to highlight important elements using a variety of colors. Before beginning work on a research paper, you might find that your instructor requires you to draft an annotated bibliography beforehand. When this is the case, you should offer a complete bibliographic description of the source in addition to a synopsis of the source.
- Group the ideas, the information, and the holes together.
In order to improve your critical writing, make it a habit to group the concepts that you’ve gleaned from a variety of sources together. Find the patterns, trends, and overarching ideas that emerge from the sources, as well as any research gaps, conflicts, contradicting viewpoints, and points of view.
- Pick a strategy to use for your review of the published literature.
A literature review can generally take one of five different approaches: it can be theoretical, topical, chronological, methodological, or systematic.
When conducting a theoretical literature review, the primary focus should be on the conceptual or theoretical frameworks (definition of concepts, theories, and models).
In the methodological literature review, the many research methods utilized by various authors in their research are analyzed, and the approach that is determined to be the most appropriate for the current research is determined.
The emphasis of the thematic literature review are placed on the topics, which are always broken down into their respective subsections.
An author composing a chronological literature review might center their attention on the changes that have been made to a subject over the course of time. On the other hand, avoid the pitfall of being too descriptive in your approach. Be careful to conduct an analysis of the recurring patterns, arguments, contradictions, conflicts, and other topics that contributed to the formation of the current condition.
The final step, a systematic review, involves taking a comprehensive look at all of the previously mentioned criteria. The chronology, methods, topics, and theoretical constructions of each study are the primary focuses of this section.
Prepare an outline for the review of the literature.
Each paragraph in your assessment of the literature needs to have a topic sentence, background information, the publication that served as the turning point in the discussion, a chronology of the subject, a critical analysis, and a conclusion sentence. Again, this changes depending on whether you are writing a literature review for a dissertation or research paper, or whether you are producing a literature review that is independent of any other work.
In any event, you need to be certain that you:
- Create a coherent piece of writing by summarizing and analyzing the material found in the sources;
- Instead of paraphrasing, conduct analysis and interpretation of the research findings;
- Conduct an in-depth analysis of the sources, paying particular attention to the positive and negative aspects of each one.
- Create well-organized paragraphs by using transition words, topic sentences, and concluding sentences in each one, and then continue on to the next one.
- Ensure that your analysis of the literature is free of mistakes and omissions.
- How to Sum It All Up in Your Research Paper
- There is just one thing left to do now that the dragon has been slain, and that is to declare victory over it. Your research paper’s material comes to a close with the conclusion as its final section. On occasion, this part will be formatted as a conclusion and recommendations subsection.
If the research paper is well-written, the introduction and the conclusion can be read quickly and grasped completely. One little-known fact is that the majority of professors and other lecturers concentrate their marking efforts on the conclusion and the opening.
A conclusion paragraph, if it is effectively written, follows a logical progression, and is presented with precision, should provide a summary of the entire article.
The question that remains, how exactly does one bring a research report to a close? As is depicted in the accompanying images, the conclusion ought to include the following:
- Restating the thesis you developed for your research paper, but in a format that is either original or paraphrased;
- The importance of the findings’ implications is emphasized;
- Recommendations derived from the findings of the research;
- Suggestions for further research, as well as restrictions placed on the current study
- Your first draft, in its current form, is now complete. The next step is to go back over what you have written and make any necessary changes.
- Make sure that your Research Paper has been edited and proofread.
No one is so exceptional that they are immune to making errors, no matter how minor. Finding faults in language, coherence, and syntax in your research work is made easier by proofreading and revising it. In addition to this, it helps you to correct the flow of your sentences and reinforce your word flow.
Keep in mind that writing that is passive is almost considered to be a serious offense in academic writing. This is your opportunity to revise anything in the document to ensure that the flow of ideas is consistent throughout.
You have the option of asking someone else to look through your paper for you. If you want to make sure that your research paper is error-free, it is a good idea to have it proofread by a friend, classmate, brother, or professional essay writing service. Modifications should be made as required based on their recommendation.
- Examine your writing for the presence of the three Cs. If you can write well, people will naturally want to read what you have to say, and they will probably give you the highest grades. Clarity should be checked while the paper is being proofread. Your points should be communicated clearly without requiring the reader to make any unnecessary mental work. You should also make sure that your research paper is coherent by ensuring that the ideas flow from one to the next. This can be accomplished most effectively through the use of transitional phrases and words. Finally, make sure that each of your paragraphs is as brief as possible. When writing, try to avoid creating lengthy sentences that are unclear. Every sentence should have no more than 25 words.
- Check that the prompt, the directions, and the rubric were followed correctly.
Your rubric or prompt is the most important part of creating a research paper. You need to consider the entire paper and make sure that you are being consistent with all of the steps that are necessary to finish the paper.
- Find the mistakes and fix them.
Excellent grades are awarded for a research work that is flawless in every respect. As a result of this, you need to check for errors in punctuation, grammar, and spelling. Additionally, you should upload your work to RefWorks so that you can check the alignment and ensure that the in-text citations are accurate. These seemingly insignificant errors end up costing pupils their grades.
- Read it as if you were going to give it a grade.
Conduct your analysis of the tone, style, and method of your research paper as if you were the instructor or professor. From this lofty vantage point, it is very likely that you may notice some mistakes or omissions.
Examine each of the primary points and ensure that the concepts are organized in a way that makes sense. Check to see that you have followed each and every one of the directions as well.
How to Arrange the Elements of a Research Paper
You are required to adhere to a specific format when writing a research paper.
The following are some of the requirements for the format:
- Cover page;
- Title Page: This page includes the subject of the research paper, your name, the date the paper was written, and the institution that you are affiliated with, depending on whether the research paper is in MLA, Harvard, or APA format;
- The abstract should typically be between 200 and 250 words in length and should be written last;
- Your research paper, dissertation, or thesis should have a table of contents that lists all of the titles that appear on each page and chapter.
- 10 percent of the total number of words in the research paper are devoted to the introduction;
- The body consists of 80% of the overall word count and is broken down into the following sections: the literature review, the methodology, the findings/results, and the discussion;
- 10% of the overall word count is dedicated to the conclusion (offers a summary of the research paper)
- Bibliography, often known as a reference list or works cited page, is a page that identifies all of the sources of information and literature that were used;
- The term “appendix” refers to any attachments that are pertinent to the paper.
- In terms of page dimensions, make sure that you compose your work in a document that is 8.5 inches wide and 11 inches tall and that is portrait-oriented. Keep in mind that each page of your paper needs to be numbered.
Your page ought to have a 1 inch margin all the way around and use double spacing. When doing an indent, use one tab space that is half an inch wide, which is equivalent to five spaces. In addition, left justifications should be used for both the body and the references (which must be in hanging indent).
When writing the titles of books, periodicals, journals, or newspapers, ensure that you adhere to the criteria that are specific to each formatting style (MLA, APA, Harvard, or Chicago)
- Read it again, check it twice, and send it in.
The following are some of the errors that you should concentrate on correcting in your research paper while revising and proofreading it:
- Incomplete and run-on sentences, improper use of commas and transitions, dangling modifiers, possessives and plurals, and contractions are all common writing errors.
- Words that aren’t clear;
- Syntax, flow, and mechanical aspects;
- Font sizes; Headings; and Verb usage.
- To determine whether or not you have followed the requirements for writing a research paper, you should start by reading your paper from the beginning to the end at least twice.