Literature Evaluation Table sample project

Summary of Clinical Issue (200-250 words):

 Obesity amongst children and teenagers has become a major health concern. Even though posh lifestyles are considered the leading contributors to obesity, the condition’s levels are increasing in low-income populations due to poor eating habits and inactivity. The United States of America is heavily affected by children and adolescents with obesity. Due to the alarming rate of the condition, most victims are stirred to lose some weight. Unlike in the past, when nursing roles were not professional, nurses have to execute more roles and complement other medical practitioners. Some of the duties that nurses ought to address are assessing patients’ needs, define the adverse effects of obesity, and provide perioperative interventionSince patients’ needs and therapies are different, nurses must assess the right remedy and implement benign interventions to help in weight loss. 


           Arguably, obesity is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. Most of these deaths comprise of children and teenagers. Obesity amongst children and adolescents is a major cause of alarm because they might grow to become obese adults. The high rate of obesity is a burden the healthcare facilities because other lifestyle diseases might surface. The higher the rate of obesity, the high probability of recording more deaths. That said, obesity amongst children and adolescents a nursing problem that needs quick and effective interventions. 

Picot Question

            Will children and adolescents benefit from obesity treatments such as surgery, weight loss medications, physical activity, and dietary changes compared to overlooking the therapies and assuming that the stoutness and the lifestyle diseases will end their own as they grow to adulthood?

CriteriaArticle 1Article 2Article 3
APA-Formatted Article Citation with PermalinkJumbe, S., & Meyrick, J. (2018). Contrasting views of the post-bariatric surgery experience between patients and their practitioners: A qualitative study. Obesity surgery28(8), 2447-2456.    Dhaliwal, J., Perez, A. J., Holt, N. L., Gokiert, R., Chanoine, J. P., Morrison, K. M., … & Ball, G. D. (2017). Why do parents discontinue health services for managing paediatric obesity? A multi-centre, qualitative study. Obesity research & clinical practice11(3), 335-343.  Parks, E. P., Finnerty, D. D., Panganiban, J., Frasso, R., Bishop-Gilyard, C., Tewksbury, C. M., & Sarwer, D. B. (2020). Perspectives of adolescents with severe obesity on social Media in Preparation for weight-loss surgery: a qualitative study. BMC pediatrics20(1), 1-7.    
How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question? The article relates to the picot question because it reviews patients experience with bariatric surgery which is one of obesity therapiesIt note factors that influence parents to disregard or cease from seeking therapies made for obese childrenIt takes account of adolescents’ feelings in  social media before the initiation of a weight loss surgery.
Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?)Qualitative methods were used “interviews were used”Qualitative semi structured interviews were used Qualitative   thematic analyses used
Purpose StatementTo note patients and practitioners perspectives on the application of -bariatric SurgeryTo contrast the results between continued engagement and discontinuation of obesity therapyTo take account of children feelings and perceptions about social media and there experience with severe obesity.
Research QuestionHow effective is a loss surgery and the aftercare support?Why do parents discontinue health services for managing paediatric obesity Are adolescents free experiencing their experience with obesity online?
Outcomephysical restriction induced by the procedure provides an external control to weight and eating that patients previously lackedFamily factors influence continuation and discontinuation of clinical care.Social media provides motivation, accountability and emotional support for children with obesity.
Setting (Where did the study take place?)Random hospital settingsCanadaSocial media comments.
Sample10 participantsundefinedUndefined
Methodthematically analysedThematically analysedsingle arm feasibility pilot study
Key Findings of the StudyObesity surgery was reliant on patients contacting the service for help. Patients reported that weight loss as a key marker of successful surgeryChildren motivation and family support influence continuation of clinical careSocial media provided emotional support, motivation  Healthy eating strategies, and nutrition knowledge which was lacking in weight-loss surgery
Recommendations of the Researcherpostoperative psychological assessment is important for obesity  therapyTo have enough data from children. gather data from different demographicspsychosocial support is need in weight loss surgery
CriteriaArticle 4Article 5Article 6
APA-Formatted Article Citation with PermalinkHainsworth, K. R., Simpson, P. M., Ali, O., Varadarajan, J., Rusy, L., & Weisman, S. J. (2020). Quantitative Sensory Testing in Adolescents with Co-occurring Chronic Pain and Obesity: A Pilot Study. Children7(6), 55.  Dogan, K., Kraaij, L., Aarts, E. O., Koehestanie, P., Hammink, E., van Laarhoven, C. J., … & Berends, F. J. (2015). Fast-track bariatric surgery improves perioperative care and logistics compared to conventional care. Obesity surgery25(1), 28-35.  Gicevic, S., Aftosmes‐Tobio, A., Manganello, J. A., Ganter, C., Simon, C. L., Newlan, S., & Davison, K. K. (2016). Parenting and childhood obesity research: a quantitative content analysis of published research 2009–2015. Obesity Reviews17(8), 724-734.  
How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question?It examines how pain would influence obesity patients from seeking  therapyMonitor the impacts of bariatric surgery and convectional care in addressing obesity in childrenHow parenting influence obesity therapy.
Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?)Quantitative  A across sectional study is usedQuantitative prospective data collection was usedQuantitative Content analysis and a priori defined protocol used
Purpose StatementWhy Factors such as gender, ethnicity, and age affect pain processing in children and adolescents with chronic painTo objectify the effect of surgery  and convectional care on obese patientsDetermine whether parental health behaviour affects children with obesity.
Research QuestionWhat are the relative differences in pain thresholds and central sensitization that are attributable to obesity?What impulses patients to choose between bariatric surgery and convectional care.What gaps exist in parenting that influence childhood obesity and its treatment.
OutcomeQST data showed chronic pain is associated with obesity.Bariatric care is better than convectional care.Parents concern and determination helps children with obesity.
Setting (Where did the study take place?)A multidisciplinary pain clinic at a pediatric hospital in the Midwest region of the United StatesNetherlandsThe united states
Sample4575 consecutive morbid obese patientsFive databases and 667 studies
MethodStatistical Analysis usedFTS programme usedmultiple databases and priori defined protocol analysis used
Key Findings of the Studyobesity affects sensory functioning and  central sensitization of patientsSurgical procedure are more effectiveParents influenced choice of food, physical activity and sedentary behaviour of their children
Recommendations of the Researcherhomogeneous sample would help  in future researchTo look for a long -term recovery methods that better than surgery and convectional care.Parents from vulnerable population should be included